Appendix 10

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Glossary of terms used in the Codes of Practice

Aerobically In the presence of oxygen
Antibody Protective protein produced by the body in response to the presence of a virus or bacteria
Cervix Neck of the uterus opening into the vagina
Clitoris A body of tissue found just inside the vulva
EDTA blood Blood sample which has been prevented from clotting by the addition of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA)
Endometrium Tissue that forms a lining inside the uterus
Genitalia Genital (i.e. reproductive) organs
Guttural pouch Two large sacs connected to the tube (eustachian) between the horse’s ear and throat
Heparinised blood     Blood sample which has been prevented from clotting by the addition of heparin
Immunofluorescence A test that uses a specific antibody and a fluorescent compound to detect a specific organism
Jaundice Condition in which a yellow colour can be seen in the mouth, eye and vagina
Microaerophilically In the virtual absence of oxygen (10% of carbon dioxide)
Nasopharyngeal swab Swab taken from the nose and throat
Oestrus/oestrous period In heat or in season
Placenta Membrane which surrounds the fetus in the uterus
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) A laboratory technique that produces multiple copies of the genetic material of a micro-organism contained within a clinical sample (e.g. swab). The technique amplifies the genetic material so that even tiny amounts can be detected, thereby permitting diagnoses of infections to be made.
Urethra Tube through which urine is discharged from the bladder
Uterus Womb
Venereal disease A sexually transmitted disease
Vulva External opening of the vagina