Resumption of mating should be based upon freedom from clinical signs of infective lesions rather than set time periods, as the latter will vary with individual circumstances. However, stallions that are immediately rested and palliatively treated are usually ready for resumption of mating by 10-14 days. Stallions may be considered recovered when any systemic signs of illness have resolved and the penis and prepuce have been thoroughly examined, with the penis erect, and no vesicular or pox-like skin lesions are visible or previously diagnosed lesions have healed over, leaving non-inflamed, smooth scars. The vulvas of mares should be examined thoroughly after washing. No vesicular or pox-like skin lesions should be visible or previously diagnosed lesions should have healed over, leaving noninflamed, smooth scars.